Archive for the ‘Erozija obala’ Category
Approximately 178 barrels of crude oil – about 7,500 gallons – were spilled Friday afternoon from a storage tank into the Poudre River.
According to the Colorado Department of Natural Resources, the cause of the spill, east-southeast of Windsor, was spring flood waters undercutting a bank, causing the tank to drop downward and damaging a valve. This allowed oil to escape from that broken valve.
The tank is operated by Noble Energy. The company discovered the leak and reported it to authorities. The department said water quality staff from the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment were at the scene and no drinking water intakes had been affected by the spill.
Standing water with some hydrocarbons were found in one low-lying area near the tank; also, vegetation was stained for about one-quarter mile downstream of the site.
Time needed to make this post: 8:17-8:28
Homeowners forced to move out of their cliffhanging home in Texas weeks ago had to have it burned to the ground today. Torching it was simply the best way to get rid of it before it caused an even bigger mess by falling into the lake below.
Fire crews set fire to the house today, reports NBC Dallas Fort Worth (link has video that autoplays), after the first option of hauling the home away from the edge of the cliff with a giant net was dismissed, and a third idea of allowing the home to slide naturally into the lake (debris to be collected later) was abandoned as too expensive.
The homeowners of the house — appraised at more than $700,000 — .. was built in 2008 and it had passed inspection before they bought it in 2012.
But when a giant crack appeared in April, they were told it was time to move out, as the home was unsafe. Part of the cliff fell away earlier this week, with some of the house dropping into the water a short time after.
“It’s like, ’Is that really my home? Or is that something else that you’re watching on TV?’ And then you’re like, “Good grief, that is my home,’” the homeowner, who is currently in Florida, told the station of knowing his home had been reduced to ashes. “Yeah, it’s a trying time, certainly.”
To add to the likely pain of losing your home, the man and his wife will also be responsible now for paying for the cleanup and disposal of the remains.
Published on June 13, 2014
Published on June 11, 2014
A vacant luxury house appears on the verge of tumbling 75 feet into a Central Texas lake because a cliff is collapsing beneath the property.
.. the 4,000 square-foot-home above Lake Whitney has been condemned and the owners evacuated about two weeks ago.
Hill County Sheriff’s Office Chief Deputy Mark Wilson says another chunk of cliff broke off Tuesday night.
Soil and other debris have been falling from beneath the home at White Bluff Resort, some 60 miles south of Fort Worth. Tax records show the house was built in 2007 and is worth more than $700,000.
In this image taken from Tuesday, June 10, 2014 video provided by WFAA-TV, a luxury house teeters on a cliff about 75 feet above Lake Whitney in Whitney, Texas. WFAA-TV reported Wednesday, June 11, 2014 that the house has been condemned and the owners evacuated about two weeks ago.
.. … A massive piece of land under the house fell into the lake on Tuesday night, neighbors told local media.
Video footage shows about half of the house on the ground and half in the air, with a dangling air conditioning unit tethered to the structure.
The land started to give way in February, and since then about 50 meters of territory that separated it from the water’s edge has eroded, said Mark Wilson, the chief deputy for the Hill County Sheriff’s Department.
The owners, who use it as a second home, have abandoned the property while people are being kept away from it on land and in the lake below.
“When they built the house, it looked like a safe area, away from the bluff. There is just a lot of the bluff that gave way,” Wilson said.
Published on Jun 10, 2014
Coastal erosion at Someshwara during Southwest Monsoon of 2014, India.
Advancing waves and the subsequent erosion have already claimed buildings and property along the coast from Uchil to Ullal. But the “permanent solution”, costing Rs. 911 crore, will only come into effect from next year, according to U.T. Khader, Minister of Health and Family Welfare.
Coastal properties in places like Ullal, Kotepura, Kodi, Mogaveerpatna, Oiliyarinagar were in danger of being washed away this year.
The Minister assured the people that the port would grant temporary relief such as dumping boulders and sand bags. This will be until the Rs. 236 crore Asian Development Bank’s sea wall project takes off. “The ADB project is a permanent solution, but that will take three years. But as the berms and reefs are being constructed, the effects of sea erosion will be abated.
Until then, the port department will ensure boulders are constantly replaced along the coast,” Mr. Khader, who is also the local MLA, said. He added that the work was expected to start from October.
Speaking on the administration’s readiness, for what has become an annual experience during the monsoons, he said: “There are weak spots along the coast, but you can’t tell when it will hit where. Some had objected to construction of a concrete wall or dumping of stones in front of their properties, and these properties are being damaged this year.”
With the frothy churning of the ocean and strong waves beating down on the coast, Chetan S. Kalvi, Chief Officer, Ullal Town Municipal Corporation, said the erosion this time was “worse” than last time.
“A lit of beach has been lost. Usually, the erosion starts later, but this time, it has started when the monsoons are yet to intensify,” he said.
At Summer Sands, a resort at Ullal, an open-air auditorium balances precariously on the edge of a precipice created by the swirling waves. Mr. Khader assured him boulders will be unloaded as soon as the tides recede.
A little distance away at Uchil, Chandrashekhar U., a fisherman, says within the matter of days, nearly 50m of beach has disappeared.
The stones dumped in front of his house were “too small” and were being washed away, he told Mr. Khader. So far a store room for his nets and ice boxes have been damaged.
Published on May 14, 2014
Valjevo na vodi. Kolubara kod vajlevskog hrama i most u Sindjelicevoj ulici…
Bosanska Dubica bridge, at the border between Croatia and B&H, closed because of the cracks.
Policija je zabranila prelazak preko pješakog mosta na Kamberovića polju u centru Zenice. Potvrđeno je da su primjećena napuknuća na konstrukciji.
May 7, 2014
Nearly a 200 metre long section of the embankment at Lilong Arapti in Thoubal district, which is the meeting point of the two major rivers namely Imphal and Iril, caved in, posing a serious threat to nearby residents.
“If the two rivers get swollen, our houses will be flooded and washed away,” locals said Wednesday.
They said this section of the bank where the two rivers of Imphal and Iril meets often collapsed as the water current hit it hard most of the time.
“We would like to draw the kind attention of the department concerned to ensure timely intervention so that any possible calamity is avoided in the area,” the local residents pleaded.
The locals complained that the embankment section at Lilong Arapti has been turned into a bull’s eye of the water current since the river bed has not been dredged for many years, disrupting its free flow.
State IFCD should take immediate steps to repair the sunken portion of the embankment or else a disastrous flood is looming large in the area, they warned.
May 6, 2014
Seven of South Asia’s river deltas, including the Ganga-Brahmaputra, the Krishna and the Indus, are sinking faster than sea-level rise because of dam construction upstream
One or two people leave their homes in the Sundarbans forests of the Ganga-Brahmaputra delta each day, perhaps never to return. It’s but a small vignette of a larger tragedy being played out across South Asia’s delta regions where land is fast sinking as the sea waters rise, leaving millions of people vulnerable to disasters like cyclones and floods.
The mouth of the Ganga-Brahmaputra mega-delta in Bangladesh, the largest in the world, is dotted with 139 small islands called polders. An embankment protects each polder from daily tides. Every year, as embankments are breached and repaired several times over, the embankments rise higher and higher.
Local communities know they have little hope of seeing their families thrive in this land, said Anurag Danda, head of the climate change and Sundarbans landscape programmes of WWF-India. Every family in the Sundarbans, for instance, that can afford it sends its able-bodied members away. “They understand that they can’t be here for all time to come… Migration on a daily basis is already happening.”
The heartbreak and hopelessness finds echo across large swathes of South Asia. According to studies, the deltas of the Ganga-Brahmaputra in Bangladesh, the Indus river in Pakistan, the Krishna, the Godavari, Brahmani and Mahanadi in south India and the Irrawaddy in Myanmar are sinking faster than the rate of sea-level rise.
The main reason for the deltas disappearing is the presence of hundreds of dams along the lengths of these rivers.
Of the seven, the Krishna delta is sinking the fastest and the Ganga and Indus have the largest affected areas.
Communities living in these South Asian deltas are already feeling the effects of the sinking land. As saline ocean waters creep further, inland farmlands are being damaged and ground water contaminated. A sinking delta is also more vulnerable to extreme climate events like Cyclone Aila that tore through the low-lying Ganga-Brahmaputra delta in 2009 leaving hundreds dead and many thousands homeless.
Borrowed Time on Disappearing Land
MARCH 28, 2014
… … Ms. Khatun now lives in a bamboo shack that sits below sea level about 50 yards from a sagging berm. She spends her days collecting cow dung for fuel and struggling to grow vegetables in soil poisoned by salt water. Climate scientists predict that this area will be inundated as sea levels rise and storm surges increase, and a cyclone or another disaster could easily wipe away her rebuilt life. But Ms. Khatun is trying to hold out at least for a while — one of millions living on borrowed time in this vast landscape of river islands, bamboo huts, heartbreaking choices and impossible hopes.
… millions of Bangladeshis will be displaced.
“There are a lot of places in the world at risk from rising sea levels, but Bangladesh is at the top of everybody’s list,” said Rafael Reuveny, a professor …at Indiana University at Bloomington. “And the world is not ready to cope with the problems.”
The effects of
climate change have led to a growing sense of outrage in developing nations…
River deltas around the globe are particularly vulnerable to the effects of rising seas, and wealthier cities like London, Venice and New Orleans also face uncertain futures. But it is the poorest countries with the biggest populations that will be hit hardest, and none more so than Bangladesh, one of the most densely populated nations in the world.
In the Ganges Delta, made up of 230 major rivers and streams, 160 million people live in a place one-fifth the size of France and as flat as chapati, the bread served at almost every meal.
A Perilous Position
Though Bangladesh … especially vulnerable.
Bangladesh relies almost entirely on groundwater for drinking supplies because the rivers are so polluted.
The resultant pumping causes the land to settle.
So as sea levels are rising, Bangladesh’s cities are sinking, increasing the risks of flooding.
Poorly constructed seawalls compound the problem.
The country’s climate scientists and politicians have come to agree that by 2050, rising sea levels will inundate some 17 percent of the land and displace about 18 million people, Dr. Rahman said.
Bangladeshis have already started to move away from the lowest-lying villages in the river deltas of the Bay of Bengal, scientists in Bangladesh say. People move for many reasons, and urbanization is increasing across South Asia, but rising tides are a big factor. Dr. Rahman’s research group has made a rough estimate from small surveys that as many as 1.5 million of the five million slum inhabitants in Dhaka, the capital, moved from villages near the Bay of Bengal.
The slums that greet them in Dhaka are also built on low-lying land, making them almost as vulnerable to being inundated as the land villagers left behind.
Ms. Khatun and her neighbors have lived through deadly cyclones — a synonym here for hurricane — and have seen the salty rivers chew through villages and poison fields.
Rising seas are increasingly intruding into rivers, turning fresh water brackish. Even routine flooding then leaves behind salt deposits that can render land barren.
… … Dr. Pethick found that high tides in Bangladesh were rising 10 times faster than the global average. He predicted that seas in Bangladesh could rise as much as 13 feet by 2100, four times the global average. In an area where land is often a thin brown line between sky and river — nearly a quarter of Bangladesh is less than seven feet above sea level — such an increase would have dire consequences, Dr. Pethick said.
“The reaction among Bangladeshi government officials has been to tell me that I must be wrong,” he said. “That’s completely understandable, but it also means they have no hope of preparing themselves.”
Dr. Rahman said that he did not disagree with Dr. Pethick’s findings, but that no estimate was definitive. Other scientists have predicted more modest rises. … …
“There is no doubt that preparations within Bangladesh have been utterly inadequate, but any such preparations are bound to fail because the problem is far too big for any single government,” said Tariq A. Karim, Bangladesh’s ambassador to India. “We need a regional and, better yet, a global solution. And if we don’t get one soon, the Bangladeshi people will soon become the world’s problem, because we will not be able to keep them.”
Mr. Karim estimated that as many as 50 million Bangladeshis would flee the country by 2050 if sea levels rose as expected.
Already, signs of erosion are everywhere in the Ganges Delta — the world’s largest delta, which empties much of the water coming from the Himalayas. There are brick foundations torn in half, palm trees growing out of rivers and rangy cattle grazing on island pastures the size of putting greens. Fields are dusted white with salt.
Even without climate change, Bangladesh is among the most vulnerable places in the world to bad weather: The V-shaped Bay of Bengal funnels cyclones straight into the country’s fan-shaped coastline.
Some scientists believe that rising temperatures will lead to more extreme weather worldwide, including stronger and more frequent cyclones in the Bay of Bengal. And rising seas will make any storm more dangerous because flooding will become more likely.
Bangladesh has done much to protect its population by creating an early-warning system and building at least 2,500 concrete storm shelters. The result has been a vast reduction in storm-related deaths. While Cyclone Bhola in 1970 killed as many as 550,000 people, Cyclone Aila in 2009 killed 300. The deadliest part of the storm was the nearly 10-foot wall of water that roared through villages in the middle of the afternoon.
The poverty of people like Ms. Khatun makes them particularly vulnerable to storms. When Aila hit, Ms. Khatun was home with her husband, parents and four children. A nearby berm collapsed, and their mud and bamboo hut washed away in minutes. Unable to save her belongings, Ms. Khatun put her youngest child on her back and, with her husband, fought through surging waters to a high road. Her parents were swept away.
“After about a kilometer, I managed to grab a tree,” said Abddus Satter, Ms. Khatun’s father. “And I was able to help my wife grab on as well. We stayed on that tree for hours.”
The couple eventually shifted to the roof of a nearby hut. The family reunited on the road the next day after the children spent a harrowing night avoiding snakes that had sought higher ground, too. They drank rainwater until rescuers arrived a day or two later with bottled water, food and other supplies.
The ordeal took a severe toll on Ms. Khatun’s husband, whose health soon deteriorated. To pay for his treatment and the cost of rebuilding their hut, the family borrowed money from a loan shark. In return, Ms. Khatun and her three older children, then 10, 12 and 15, promised to work for seven months in a nearby brickmaking factory. She later sold her 11- and 13-year-old children to the owner of another brick factory, this one in Dhaka, for $450 to pay more debts. Her husband died four years after the storm.
In an interview, one of her sons, Mamun Sardar, now 14, said he worked from dawn to dusk carrying newly made bricks to the factory oven.
He said he missed his mother, “but she lives far away.”
Discussions about the effects of
climate change in the Ganges Delta often become community events. In the village of Choto Jaliakhali, where Ms. Khatun lives, dozens of people said they could see that the river was rising.
Several said they had been impoverished by erosion, which has cost many villagers their land.
Muhammad Moktar Ali said he could not think about the next storm because all he had in the world was his hut and village. “We don’t know how to support ourselves if we lost this,” he said, gesturing to his gathered neighbors. “It is God who will help us survive.”
Surveys show that residents of the delta do not want to migrate, Dr. Rahman said. Moving to slums in already crowded cities is their least preferred option.
But cities have become the center of Bangladesh’s textile industry, which is now the source of 80 percent of the country’s exports, 45 percent of its industrial employment and 15 percent of its gross domestic product.
In the weeks after the storm, the women of Dakope found firewood by wading into the raging river and pushing their toes into the muddy bottom.
They walked hours to buy drinking water.
After rebuilding the village’s berm and their own hut, Shirin Aktar and her husband, Bablu Gazi, managed to get just enough of a harvest to survive from their land, which has become increasingly infertile from salt water. Some plots that once sustained three harvests can now support just one; others are entirely barren.
After two hungry years, the couple gave up on farming and moved to Chittagong, Bangladesh’s second-largest city, leaving their two children behind with Mr. Gazi’s mother.
Mr. Gazi found work immediately as a day laborer, mostly digging foundations. Ms. Aktar searched for a job as a seamstress, but headaches and other slum-induced health problems have so incapacitated her that the couple are desperate to return to Dakope.
“I don’t want to stay here for too long,” Mr. Gazi said. “If we can save some money, then we’ll go back. I’ll work on a piece of land and try to make it fertile again.”
But the chances of finding fertile land in his home village, where the salty rivers have eaten away acre upon acre, are almost zero.
Dozens of people gathered in the narrow mud alley outside Mr. Gazi’s room as he spoke. Some told similar stories of storms, loss and hope, and many nodded as Mr. Gazi spoke of his dreams of returning to his doomed village.
“All of us came here because of erosions and cyclones,” said Noakhali, a hollow-eyed 30-year-old with a single name who was wearing the traditional skirt of the delta. “Not one of us actually wants to live here.”
Part of Brighton’s seafront has been closed to traffic following a collapse in arches underneath the road.
The “large depression” in the A259 King’s Road was discovered by men who had been carrying out work at the Fortune of War public house on Friday.
Surveyors from Brighton and Hove City Council have been at the scene.
The route for the annual nationalist March for England, which will make its way through the centre of Brighton on Sunday, has been slightly amended.
Sussex Police have put a cordon in place near the collapsed carriageway and motorists have been urged to avoid the area.
‘Causes are historic’
A force spokesman said: “It was discovered by workmen engaged in underground building work at the pub, which is near the junction with the A2010 West Street and the UMI hotel.”
Laurence Hill, landlord of the Fortune of War pub, said builders were shoring up a fire exit when “a couple of tons of rubble” came down.
“Now you can pretty much see underneath the road from the inside of the pub… it looks like we are still going to be able to trade, we will just have to close off the back area,” he said.
Mr Hill added that no-one was injured.
Geoff Raw, executive director at Brighton and Hove City Council, described it as a “relatively small, localised collapse”.
“Although it was triggered by the contractors going in, some of the causes are historic,” he said.
The eastbound carriageway of the A259 will remain closed for the next few weeks until repairs have been carried out.
Mr Raw said traffic diversions were in place and structural engineers would be working over the weekend to assess the extent of the problem.
“We’re working as swiftly as possible with the police and key partners to ensure public safety and to keep the traffic moving as smoothly as possible,” he said.